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张家界茅岩河、九天洞旅游景点介绍(附图)

发布时间:2008年08月27日 编辑:小莫 访问:19153 评论:36条 发表评论! 纠错!



  茅岩河距张家界市中心约35公里,上游高峡平湖,古木参天;下游峡谷幽深,滩多浪急;两岸石壁雄峙, 瀑布高悬。
  九天洞享有“亚洲第一洞”之美誉。

景点信息

  地址:张家界市桑植县
  门票:九天洞62元,茅岩河漂流,人力橡皮舟114元/人,约3~4小时到达终点;机动橡皮舟124元/人,约2小时到达终点。
  景区电话:0744-8222446 8296791
  交通:游览九天洞可由张家界市区乘车到桑植县转车即到。 此外,还可以从张家界市区乘车到温塘镇的渔潭电站,沿茅岩河平湖乘船漂流至桑植县城,一路山水风光美不胜收。从此乘车游九龙洞及附近的贺龙故居洪家关、千年古寨苦竹寨等地。
  景区官方网址:http://www.maoyanhe.cn/

  住宿推荐:
  张家界蜗牛驿栈
  地址:湖南张家界南庄坪德皇小区
  价位:25-30元/床 
  电话:0744-8296767  13807443838
  推荐理由:在南庄坪大市场往电业局方向前进五十米,旅舍全年价格都不变。
  详细介绍:http://www.likefar.com/inndetail.cfm/argu/cid,14-id,551

  张家界中天国际青年旅舍-凤湾店
  地址:湖南省张家界市子午路凤湾路口中天大厦4楼A1室
  价位:普通二人间 45元/床;三人间 50元/床
  电话:0744-8321678    
  推荐理由:旅舍位于张家界市中心,离武陵园风景区只需要40分钟的路程。装修很有风格,窗户外是空中花园,大厅内铁艺的玻璃桌配上藤编的椅子,还有大红色沙发,视觉跳跃的同时又是心灵的沉淀。在天下第一桥袁家界望桥茶楼还有他们的分店。
  详细介绍:http://www.likefar.com/inndetail-550.html

旅游小贴士

  1.九天洞分三层,已探明的部分有1座水晶官、3条地下暗河、3个地下湖、5座自生桥、10座洞中山、12条洞瀑布和40多个洞厅等景点,洞内千姿百态的钟乳石让人感叹自然的神奇力量。喜爱探洞的朋友不容错过这样的景观。

  2.到九天洞要穿长袖和厚一点的衣服。

景点地图

景点相关资料

  湖南张家界茅岩河九天洞风景名胜区,是国家AAAA级风景区,该景区西起贺龙元帅故乡有亚洲第一洞称号的九天洞,经千年古寨 --苦竹寨和有神秘峡谷之称的苦竹河大峡谷及有“百里画廊”之称的茅岩河漂流,东止中国南方最大的石窟群玉皇石窟,全长100余公里。是一个集自然景观、人文景观、历史文化、民俗风情等于一体的风景名胜区。其中,贺龙故居至九天洞至苦竹河大峡谷是张家界主要的红色旅游线路。贺龙故居被列入国家30条红色旅游精品线之一。茅岩河、九天洞是湖南省级风景名胜区,玉皇石窟也是湖南省重点文物保护单位,景区入选湖南“潇湘百景”,为张家界5条旅游精品游览线之一,是张家界旅游的重要组成部分。

  主要景点有:中国最大的和最安全的旅游漂流地带茅岩河漂流、亚洲第一洞—九天洞、千百年来中国神秘的圣地苦竹河大峡谷、两边都是高山的神秘小寨苦竹寨、和珍贵历史文化遗产玉皇石窟。


 

  百里画廊——茅岩河

  茅岩河漂流位于茅岩河风景区内、茅岩河平湖游的下游,距张家界市城西32公里,漂流水程28公里,落差66米,有惊无险的河滩共55个。茅岩河山青水秀,风光如画,峡谷幽深,滩多浪多,沿河两岸峭壁险峰、飞瀑流泉 、山势奇险,岩深林茂,古野神奇;河水急湍似箭,猛浪若奔,劈岩穿峡,峰迥水转,真可谓:不是三峡,胜似三峡”。

  茅岩河漂流目前已成为中国最大的和最安全的旅游漂流项目,是张家界“山、水、洞”旅游精品项目中最富刺激的项目。与浪共舞,一漂难忘,驾橡皮舟沿茅岩河漂流而下,千刃石壁迎面扑来,戏江流之碧玉,赏田园无限风光,群山叠翠,峡谷生辉,滩多浪急,过险滩、打水仗、对山歌、晶野味、饮清泉,与浪共舞,有惊无险,在历尽山重水复、柳岸花明之后,那种惬意,简直妙不可言。 

  亚洲第一洞——九天洞

  九天洞坐落在张家界市区以西、武陵源以北的桑植县西南17公里的利福塔乡水洞村境内,九天洞距市区70公里。因有九个天窗与洞顶地面相通而得名。

  1987年山溶洞探险勇士王海然发现,1988年正式对游人开放,被列为省级风景名胜区,同年,经国际溶洞组织专家考察论证,认为九天洞规模庞大,景观独特,还有一批溶洞群没有开发,适合开展探险考察,因而正式接纳九天洞作为国际溶洞组织成员单位,同时确定九天洞为国际溶洞探险基地,九天洞从此进入国际溶洞世界,身价倍增。经考察,发现洞内有古树化石和其它溶洞极少见的岩溶物质,不仅是难得的自然景观,而且有极高的科研价值。目前已经探明可供游览的面积有250公顷,号称“亚洲第一大洞”。洞口南侧2.5公里处,有集自然风光和浓郁民族风情于一体的风峦溪天然森林公园与之相依相衬;洞口东南向2公里处,澧水像条银色飘带,蜿蜒流过。

  洞分上、中、下三层,最下层低于地表面400多米。洞内36支洞交错相连,内有30余座大厅、10余座洞中山、6方千丘田、5座自生桥、3段阴河、3个天然湖、12瀑、3井等景。洞中石林密布,钟乳悬浮,岩浆铸成的各种精致景物婀娜多姿。洞中的石笋、石柱、石幔、石花、石人、石兽等千姿百态,不可名状,纷呈红黄绿白黑灰诸色,可谓五彩缤纷,琳琅满目。其中九星山玉柱、九天玄女宫和寿星宫三大奇观堪称景绝盖世。

  九天洞幽的出奇,无论是潺潺流水,还是弯弯曲径,无论是寂寂山风,还时静静石柱,都能让人有返朴归真之感。

  1989年9月下旬,来自美、英、比利时的探洞专家到九天洞考察,一致认为九天洞有很高的科研价值及旅游价值。

  苦竹河大峡谷

  千百年来,这里是一处神秘的禁地,岁月如尘,轻掩着一部古老的传说。
  迫近她,宛如闯进了隔世的梦培,纤尘不染的意境里,她会让你体会到什么是人间仙境,什么叫苍凉凝重。扑面而来的,不仅仅是风景……
  凝视她,仿佛看见了逝去的远帆,缥缈如雾的波光上,她会让您意会到,什么是沧海桑田,什么叫短暂渺小。打湿眼帘的,不仅仅是飞泉
  聆听她,好像追赶着古乐的和声,如歌如润的倾诉中,她会让您感觉到什么是刻骨铭心,什么叫悲壮凄美。启动脉搏的,不仅仅是心跳。

  千年古寨——苦竹寨

  “苦竹”是土家语“两面都是高山”的意思,“苦竹河镇”也就是“两面都是高山的河边集镇”。

  苦竹寨距桑植县城19.5公里,乘车35分钟;距张家界市中心91.5公里,乘车2小时20分;距张家界武陵源核心景区121.5公里,乘车2小时50分;距九天洞2.5公里;距茅岩河漂流39公里,乘车1小时;距贺龙故居40公里,乘车50分钟,距八大公山99公里,乘车2小时。

  古寨建于唐宋,盛于明清。曾是澧水上游“千帆林立的老码头、商贾云集的古集市、梢公荡魂的逍遥窟、明清社会的万花筒”。古老的风火墙、低矮的吊脚楼向游人展示着土家人的聪明才智,一条条青石板,一声声咚咚喹,在诉说着古寨子曾经的辉煌。



  玉皇石窟

  位于张家界市城西七公里的麻空山南麓,为清代乡绅李京开独资捐修,该景点临近茅岩河漂流终点码头,是西线旅游景区的重要组成部分。麻空山又名月斧山,属咯斯特地貌,沿石壁颇多溶洞,石窟便利用这些天然洞穴天凿而成。整座洞窟东西长300余米,共计8洞,分上中下三层,现存石雕像19尊,石刻50余处,保存较为完整,是中国西南唯一的石窟雕刻与塑造群像,是珍贵的历史文物。 石窟上层“天堂”为雷电洞;“人间”居中,自东至西依次排列为玉金、毫笔、墨池、虎龙、狮子、孔圣六洞;下怪为因果洞, 即所谓“地府”。从“天堂”到“人间”,自“人间”至“地府”,上下三层距离分别为60米和70米,其间由宽不盈尺的曲径于悬崖峭壁上相沟连,气势十分险峻。

  玉皇洞8个石窟,反映的内容十分丰富,且各具特色,虽杂而不乱。它将石刻、雕塑、文学、书法等艺术溶铸于一炉,是古代劳动人民智慧的结晶。1959年,湖南省政府将玉皇洞正式列为重点文物保护单位,1999年由湖南张家界西线旅游开发股份有限公司租赁投资经营,。 玉皇洞石窟风景区集观光、休闲与宗教活动于一体,景点内相应地开设了珍石文化区(天然石景陈列,考古石器、石雕艺术欣赏)、园林休闲区(画眉园、斗鸡场、重檐亭、水景、密林)、盆花、苗木观赏区,是永定区难得的历史人文景观,是张家界精品旅游景点。

摄影作者:谢华   兔巴哥

 

本景点最后修订时间:2008年08月27日

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