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广西桂林象鼻山介绍(附图)

发布时间:2008年05月18日 编辑:cityhunter 访问:31605 评论:24条 发表评论! 纠错!



  象鼻山在桂林市东南漓江西岸,因酷似一只站在江边伸鼻豪饮漓江甘泉的巨象而得名。象山原名漓山,又叫仪山、沉水山,简称象山。象鼻山是桂林山水的代表,桂林城的象征,桂林乃至广西地方产品多以象山作为标记。象鼻山海拔200米,高出水面55米,长108米,宽100米。山体面积1.3公顷,它是由3.6亿年前海底沉积的纯石灰岩组成的。明代孔镛有诗赞道:象鼻分明饮玉河,西风一吸水应波,青山自是饶奇骨,百日相看不厌多。
 

景点信息

  地址:桂林市龙珠路2号。
  门票:50元/人。
  开放时间:淡季早上7:00分-晚上21:30分    旺季早上6:30分-晚上22:00分

  交通:1、 乘车直达:可选择乘坐免费公益车(57、58路),公交车(2、23路),景区穿梭巴士或自驾车直达景区2、 可以夜晚乘船游览景色3、 自选车或步行自助游览:沿漓江边滨江路,龙珠路自由游览。

  最佳旅游季节:8月—10月。此时桂林的气候普遍炎热,来到象山脚下旅游可以享受到象山洞带来的自然的凉爽。能够观看象山,又能享受夏日的凉快,还可以在象山脚下戏耍漓江水。

   住宿: 象山公园,金徽酒店

  美食:美食以桂林象山水月楼(原象山鲍翅楼)为代表,它座落在漓江畔象山水月洞旁,是代表桂林餐饮水平的高档食府。象山水月楼这个名字将饮食文化融入了桂林山水的文化氛围,更具文化品味。代表菜式包括:桂林田螺、白果炖老鸭、粉利、麻辣小龙虾、清水鱼等。

  桂林田螺:因其生长在水稻田里, 故名。其特点是大个肉肥、味道鲜美。煮田螺一定要配以桂林特制的酸辣椒, 再放入葱、姜、三花酒等各种配料炒煮而成, 吃时其味酸辣鲜美, 特别开胃。煮时须将螺尾敲掉, 便于煮时进味, 亦便于吸食螺肉。

  白果炖老鸭:传统滋补菜, 采用桂林特产白果、老鸭切块、火腿片及各种配料, 放入炖盅上笼火蒸而成。其特点是鸭肉鲜香、白果滑嫩、汤清味浓, 具有滋补生津、润肺益气功能。

  粉利:用上好大米细磨成浆, 搓搜成小圆柱状, 蒸至八成熟, 取出晾干即成。冬季春节前后上市, 吃时切成条状, 配上腊肉、芹菜或菜花、青蒜等烩炒装盘即可食用。特点是色鲜味美、香滑爽口。

象鼻山地图



景点相关资料

   象鼻山 位于市内桃花江与漓江汇流处, 是桂林名山之一, 主要景点有水月洞、象眼岩、普贤塔、宏峰寺及寺内的太平天国革命遗址陈列馆等。附近还有隋唐开元寺仅存的舍利塔。水月洞紧靠江边, 漓水流贯其间, 如水中浮月,山石垂入水中又如象鼻饮水漓江, 景致极佳, 唐宋以来即为游览胜地。宋蓟北处士《和水月洞韵》诗: “水底有明月, 水上明月浮。水流月不去, 月去水还流。”形象地描绘了这一景致。

    水月洞 在象鼻山的象鼻和象腿之间。距今约1.2万年前, 地壳抬升, 漓江缩小, 加速了水月洞的发育, 形成一个东西通透的圆洞。长17米, 宽9.5, 高12米, 面积约150平方米。《象山记》载, “有石穴一, 彼此可以相望, 形圆而长, 其半入于漓水中, 水时高时下, 故其穴亦时有大小”。

    水月洞洞口朝阳, 亦名朝阳洞。但洞在水上, 如明月浮水, 十分形象, 所以水月之名, 一直沿用至今。“象山水月”是桂林山水一大奇景, 文人学士属文赋句, 莫不叹为观止。宋蓟北处士《水月洞》诗有“水底有明月, 水上明月浮。水流月不去, 月去水还流”之句, 细致刻画了天上、洞中, 水底月亮相互辉映的奇迹。象山的水月与南望的穿山月岩相对, 一悬于天, 一浮于水, 形成“漓江双月”的奇特景观。

    宋代在洞中建朝阳亭, 清代改称得月楼, 已废。洞内有张孝祥《朝阳亭诗并序》、范成大《复水月洞铭》、陆游诗稿手札等摩崖石刻50余件。

  水月洞朝阳亭 在像鼻山水月洞内, 始建于宋, 亭已早废, 但远在800多年前, 围绕水月洞的命名, 两位桂州前后任的地方长官之间展开的一场背靠背的笔墨官司, 一直成为到此游览的人们永恒的话题。原来, 南宋乾道二年(公元1166年), 张孝祥游水月洞留连至晚不归, 不久再度重游, 一高兴题诗作序, 因洞口东向, 把亭名、洞名、岩名统统已为“朝阳”, 并把记述其事的《朝阳亭诗序》该在水月洞北壁。其后, 范成大主桂, 持不同意见, 恢复了原名, 写下《复水月洞铭》, 并镌在洞的南壁。

    象鼻岩 与水月洞相邻, 因在象鼻山的象鼻稍后处而得名。岩高1.9米, 宽3.3米, 长约13.5米, 面积44.5平方米。岩口面江, 东向, 呈条形封闭状态, 是内凉、眺望江景佳处。明代学者毛宾泉曾在此读《周易》后人在岩口刻“读书岩”3字, 并称此岩为“点易山窗”。万历丁丑(1577)春正月中进行修整, 有“宾泉山人开深此洞”题名石刻。明诗人张襄《访毛宾泉点易山窗》诗, 有“千顷水光涵洞府”, “山窗寂静观周易”句, 详见水月洞摩崖石刻。

    象眼岩 位于象鼻山山腰南北两侧, 互相贯通, 高约2米, 宽5~10米, 长52.8米, 呈扁长形, 面积约274平方米。象眼岩原是一段不长的古地下河道, 形成年代比水月洞早, 因部位恰巧在象眼处而得名。从象山南麓南极洞口, 沿石级可登上南眼。出象眼岩, 盘山道可达山顶。北眼悬崖峭壁, 无磴可通。象眼岩南北两洞, 是一对眺望风景的绝妙窗口。从左眼张望, 高耸的漓江饭店近在咫尺, 城区楼宇街市鳞次栉比, 半城山芭历历在目; 从右眼远眺, 江波帆影, 闪烁隐现于訾洲、塔山、穿山之间。

  云崖轩 宋代园林建筑。明张鸣凤《桂故》载: “故宋提刑方公信孺即南壁下建精舍以居, 曰云崖轩。轩废已久。”根据方信孺《题云崖轩》和邵以仁在方所镌诗之前便建“古云崖轩”的记述。云崖轩确建何时无可考。方信孺诗有“不用穷探费杖藜, 隐然林壑挟城陴。曾尊月洞千岩上, 更著云崖一段奇”之句, 说云崖轩建在象山麓是可信的。
 
    1、象道――
   位于象鼻山景点内八号码头北侧。全长370米,形式为:“象”字+象形图案间隔,每隔两米就有字体或是图案刻于路面。“象”字有:宋体、隶书、楷书等十余种字体。象形图案表现各种象的形体姿态,大小不一。为象文化增色不少。

    2、象形喷水装置――
    位于象鼻山景点内八号码头北侧,爱情岛七彩桥。在七彩桥的桥身两外侧各有3头小象头,桥头和桥尾各有2头,共有10头小象头。喷水装置就安装于象头的象鼻中。只见10头小象从鼻中喷出水柱,尽显可爱,更是招来小孩子的驻足观看与抚摸。七彩桥与象山景区亲水区间隔数十米,与亲水区中的象群遥相呼应,相互映衬。丰富了象山景点的观赏性,更是引起了游客与亲水区象群亲密接触的兴趣。

景点图片

 
象鼻山夜景

 
水月洞

爱情岛七彩桥

漓江

侧景

景区一角

本景点最后修订时间:2008年05月18日

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所有评论(24)最新评论

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