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广西桂林象山公园旅游景点介绍(附图)

发布时间:2012年03月05日 编辑:落日水溶金 访问:21494 评论:34条 发表评论! 纠错!

象山公园 作者:枫叶飘零
(象山公园 作者:枫叶飘零)

  象山公园与伏波公园、叠彩公园合称象山景区,于2000年12月被国家列为首批4A级景区。象山景区是桂林久负盛名风景区,荟萃了桂林山水和人文景观精华,是中外游客游览桂林必到之处。

景点信息
  景点等级:国家AAAA级
  地址:桂林市区民主路
  门票:35元
  开放时间:8:30-17:30
  联系电话:0773-3956666(桂林市虹桥国际旅行社)
  景区相关服务设施: 景区内停车方便,相关服务设施完善。
  食宿:景区在市区内,住宿非常方便。
  交通:1、可选择乘坐免费公交车(57、58路),公交车(桂林火车站对面的2路和23路),还有穿梭巴士直达景区。 2、自驾车或步行自助游览:沿漓江边滨江路,龙珠路自由行。
  周边景区:桂林园林植物园、桂林动物园、靖江王府、清真寺、桂林三花酒文化博物馆、桂林国际会展中心、穿山公园。

旅游小贴士
  游客可以夜晚乘船游览三山景色,别有一番风味。

景区地图

交通方位示意图

景区相关资料
  象山公园以象鼻山为主体,位于市内桃花江注入漓江处,滨江路的南端,因其山形酷似一头巨象临江汲水而得名。象鼻山海拔200米,高出江面55米,长108米,宽100米,山体占地1.3万平方米,由3.6亿年前的石灰岩组成,主要景点有水月洞、象鼻岩、象眼岩、普贤塔、云峰寺以及舍利塔。象山公园地处广西桂林市中心的漓江与桃花江汇流处,占地面积11.88公顷,园内自然山水与人文景观交相辉映,山、水、洞、岛、亭、台、坪、径、文物、古迹相映成画,美不胜收,令人心驰神往。
  象山以其栩栩如生的形象引人入胜,被人们看着桂林山水的代表,桂林景点之首,桂林城的象征,桂林市的城徽中心图案就是象山。
象山公园 作者:枫叶飘零
(象山公园 作者:枫叶飘零)
  
传说
  桂林山水有着许多美丽动人的传说,象鼻山当然也有属于它的传说。相传,昔日玉皇大帝南巡,天兵天将浩浩荡荡,经过桂林时,驮宝瓶的神象病倒了,玉帝将其抛弃在漓江边,驼队继续前行。神象得到漓江畔人的照顾和治疗,很快就恢复了健康。神象为了报道漓江人的恩情,且看到桂林山水的秀美,就留下来替人们耕耘田地,看管庄稼。玉帝知道后,认为有辱天庭,就派托塔李天王率领天兵天将来捉拿神象,可神象誓死不归天庭,奋起抵抗。战斗持续了七天七夜,又饥又渴的神象来到漓江边,正当它伸出长鼻卷水畅饮时,偷偷尾随而来的托塔天王高举宝剑,从上向下朝着象背狠狠一插,杀死了神象。神象立身不倒,化为石山,现在象背上仍露着宝剑的剑柄,往后来到桂林旅游的人也都想来一睹神象的风采。
象鼻山 作者:宣宣
(象鼻山 作者:宣宣)

象鼻山
  象山公园的主要景点象山又名象鼻山,其山形酷似一头驻足漓江边临流饮水的大象,被誉为桂林市的城徽。山体前部的水月洞,弯如满月,穿透山体,清碧的江水从洞中穿鼻而过,洞影倒映江面,构成"水底有明月,水上明月浮"的奇观,"象山水月"因之成为桂林山水一绝。水月洞的幽奇迷纪令古往今来的墨客骚人文思泉涌,洞内外石壁上留下了历代石刻文物50多件,多为宋代镌刻。象山南麓,有始建于唐代的云峰寺,象山的东、西麓,艾有石级曲折百上。山顶平展,树木成荫,小径通幽;明代建筑普贤塔耸立于此,塔高10余米,因塔身的正北面嵌有青石平雕的普贤菩萨像而得名,普贤塔形似剑柄,又似宝瓶,古朴凝重;立于山顶极目远眺,桂林山城美景尽收眼底。
  
水月洞
  在象鼻山的象鼻和象腿之间。距今约1.2万年前, 地壳抬升, 漓江缩小, 加速了水月洞的发育, 形成一个东西通透的圆洞。长17米, 宽9.5, 高12米, 面积约150平方米。《象山记》载, "有石穴一, 彼此可以相望, 形圆而长, 其半入于漓水中, 水时高时下, 故其穴亦时有大小"。水月洞洞口朝阳, 亦名朝阳洞。但洞在水上, 如明月浮水, 十分形象, 所以水月之名, 一直沿用至今。"象山水月"是桂林山水一大奇景, 文人学士属文赋句, 莫不叹为观止。宋蓟北处士《水月洞》诗有"水底有明月, 水上明月浮。水流月不去, 月去水还流"之句, 细致刻画了天上、洞中, 水底月亮相互辉映的奇迹。象山的水月与南望的穿山月岩相对, 一悬于天, 一浮于水, 形成"漓江双月"的奇特景观。宋代在洞中建朝阳亭, 清代改称得月楼, 已废。洞内有张孝祥《朝阳亭诗并序》、范成大《复水月洞铭》、陆游诗稿手札等摩崖石刻50余件。
水月洞 作者:华山松
(水月洞 作者:华山松)

岩口
  与水月洞相邻, 因在象鼻山的象鼻稍后处而得名。岩高1.9米, 宽3.3米, 长约13.5米, 面积44.5平方米。岩口面江, 东向, 呈条形封闭状态, 是内凉、眺望江景佳处。明代学者毛宾泉曾在此读《周易》后人在岩口刻"读书岩"3字, 并称此岩为"点易山窗"。万历丁丑(1577)春正月中进行修整, 有"宾泉山人开深此洞"题名石刻。明诗人张襄《访毛宾泉点易山窗》诗, 有"千顷水光涵洞府", "山窗寂静观周易"句, 详见水月洞摩崖石刻。

象眼岩
  位于象鼻山山腰南北两侧, 互相贯通, 高约2米, 宽5~10米, 长52.8米, 呈扁长形, 面积约274平方米。象眼岩原是一段不长的古地下河道, 形成年代比水月洞早, 因部位恰巧在象眼处而得名。从象山南麓南极洞口, 沿石级可登上南眼。出象眼岩, 盘山道可达山顶。北眼悬崖峭壁, 无磴可通。象眼岩南北两洞, 是一对眺望风景的绝妙窗口。从左眼张望, 高耸的漓江饭店近在咫尺, 城区楼宇街市鳞次栉比, 半城山芭历历在目; 从右眼远眺, 江波帆影, 闪烁隐现于訾洲、塔山、穿山之间。

普贤塔
  位于象鼻山顶,是一座喇嘛式佛塔,建于明代,塔高13.6米,塔基为双层八角形须弥座,第二层正北面,嵌有青石线刻的"南无普贤菩萨"像。塔身为园瓶型,远看似大象背着宝瓶,又如插在象背上的剑柄,故又称"宝瓶塔"、"剑柄塔"。

云峰寺
  在象鼻山西南麓,相传此处原为唐代温灵庙旧址,在明代时,为了纪念著名诗人范成大和方信儒,建成"范方祠",清代改祠为寺,称"云峰寺"。清代太平军攻打桂林城时,曾以此为攻城指挥部,并在象山上架火炮炮轰桂林城。1979年改建为钢筋水泥结构的仿古建筑,两层三进五开间,辟为云峰寺陈列馆,展示太平军当年留下的历史文物。

舍利塔
  位于象山公园西面,民主路万寿巷开元寺遗址内,始建于唐显庆二年(657年),原为七级砖塔,现塔为明初重建,为过街式喇嘛塔,全白,坐北朝南,塔高13.2米,分底层、塔身和塔盖三级。唐代高僧鉴真第五次东渡日本失败后,转来桂林,在开元寺住了一年,曾经应请在寺内主持授戒大典。该塔造型独特,是中国古代佛教名塔之一。

云崖轩
  宋代园林建筑。明张鸣凤《桂故》载: "故宋提刑方公信孺即南壁下建精舍以居, 曰云崖轩。轩废已久。"根据方信孺《题云崖轩》和邵以仁在方所镌诗之前便建"古云崖轩"的记述。云崖轩确建何时无可考。方信孺诗有"不用穷探费杖藜, 隐然林壑挟城陴。曾尊月洞千岩上, 更著云崖一段奇"之句, 说云崖轩建在象山麓是可信的。

景点图片
象山公园 作者:宣宣
象山公园 作者:宣宣

象山公园 作者:宣宣
象山公园 作者:宣宣

象山公园 作者:枫叶飘零
象山公园 作者:枫叶飘零

象山公园 作者:华山松
象山公园 作者:华山松

象山公园 作者:雪松
象山公园 作者:雪松

象鼻山 作者:赶快生活
象鼻山 作者:赶快生活

象山公园 作者:宣宣
象山公园 作者:宣宣

象山公园 作者:枫叶飘零
象山公园 作者:枫叶飘零

象山公园 作者:枫叶飘零
象山公园 作者:枫叶飘零

本景点最后修订时间:2012年03月29日

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